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PhD in Hindi

Programme Description


Programme Structure

MPhil Programme in Hindi

The MPhil programme in Hindi was launched with the intention to train students to progressively evolve into research scholars so as to carry out the programme of Doctor of Philosophy successfully. The programme has two components: course work and dissertation. The normal duration of the programme is 18 to 24 months. However, extension can be granted to individual students in accordance with the Regulations concerning MPhil and PhD issued by the Standing Committee (Research) of the Academic Council of the university.

The course work of the MPhil programme consists of four courses of four credits each. The total course work requirements is 16 credits. The courses offered are as follows:

  1. Course I: Hindi SahityakeItihaskiSamasyaen
  2. Course II: SahityakaSamajshastra
  3. Course III: Research Paper I - Essay/Seminar focusing on the theme of the proposed research topic of the student. The topic shall be approved for the student by the Research Studies Committee (RSC) of the School of Letters.
  4. Course IV: Research Paper II - Seminar/Essay on the theme given to the student by the Research Studies Committee (RSC) keeping in view his/ her proposed research topic.

Course I and Course II are ‘taught courses’ for which regular classes will be held. Course III and Course IV are to be taken by the student independently under the supervision of one or two faculty members. The ‘Theme’, ‘Topic’, or ‘Area’ of research for Course III and IV shall be decided by the RSC of the School of Liberal Studies (SLS). Completing these four courses of four credits each successfully with the requisite grade is an essential requirement for every MPhil studen.

However, the RSC of the School of Letters may prescribe more courses to any MPhil student with the intention of helping him/her in acquiring suitable skills to carry out his or her proposed research work. These courses shall be ‘taught courses’ offered by any other postgraduate/research programme of the university. In this context the programme shall follow the Regulation issued by the university concerning MPhil. and PhD. Clause 12 of the Regulations says: ‘Prescribed course work could entail completion of certain modules or units of taught courses, or courses undertaken on independent study basis. RSC’s may prescribe relevant M.A.-level courses (or modules/units of such courses) for MPhil students, provided that any assignments or examinations prescribed for MPhil students are conducted in such a way that expectations of their performance or accomplishment are higher than those of MA students.’

Time Frame of the Programme:

Course I and Course III will be offered in the First Semester. Course I (described below) will be a ‘taught course’ and regular classes will be held for this course. Written tutorials will constitute assessment of this course. The tutorial will be graded by the faculty member/ members teaching the course. Course III, as mentioned above, will be an essay/seminar course to be carried out by the student independently. One or two faculty members will guide the student in carrying out this part of the course work. At the end of the semester the student will be required to submit an essay/ seminar write up of not less than 5000 words, and it shall be presented before the faculty members/ or supervisor. The grade shall be based on the written material of the essay as well as on the presentation.

Course II and IV shall be offered in the Second Semester. Course II (for description see below), as stated above, will be a taught course. Regular classes will be held for this purpose. And assessment will be done on the bases of tutorials submitted by the student. Course IV, as mentioned above, will be carried out by the student independently. One or two faculty members will guide the student in carrying out this part of the course work. At the end of the semester the student will submit an essay/ seminar write up of at least 5000 words and will present it before the supervisor and other faculty members. The grade will depend on the written submission as well as on the presentation.


Every student enrolled in MPhil will be required to write a dissertation (minimum length of 75 pages as per UGC guidelines) to receive an MPhil degree. Any student who gets an average grade of A in course work and fulfils all other requirement of MPhil may apply (see AUD Regulation clause 12) to the School’s RSC for enrolment in PhD (without writing MPhil dissertation). The RSC will decide this on case to case basis. However, such a student if allowed to enrol for the PhD shall not be awarded the MPhil degree. Other requirements for the MPhil dissertation work (relating to time frame, assessment, supervision, etc.) have been clearly stated in the Regulations Concerned MPhil. and PhD issued by the Standing Committee (Research) of the Academic Council of the university and shall apply to all MPhil students.

The Course Structure and Time Frame

Semester I
Semester II
Semesters III and IV
Course work
Course I
Course III
Course II
Course IV


Description of Courses

Course I: Hindi SahityakeItihaskiSamasyaen (Problems of the History of Hindi Literature)

Research in Hindi Literature requires the knowledge of problems encountered in writing the history of Hindi literature. A lot of debates have taken place in periodizing Hindi literary history. The question of the emergence of Hindi literature has also been in debate. It has been argued that the literatures of local dialects such as Awadhi, Braj, Bhojpuri and Maithili should not be incorporated into the history of Hindi literature as has been the vogue. The naming of different periods has been questioned and debated too. These debates also address the emergence of different literary trends such as Bhakti Sahitya. In this case, the relation between social movements and literature has also been emphasized.

These debates have also emerged because of dissociatingthe history of Hindi literature from that of Urdu literature. It has been argued that Urdu is the language which has developed in India and Hindi-Urdu has a common history of emergence.

The question of the relation between literature and other art forms such as painting and music has also been raised and debated within literary history.

Course II: SahityakaSamajshastra (Sociology of Literature)

Research in literature has been carried out in Hindi primarily centring on its sociological aspects. The research proposals we have received also exhibit this aspect. Some recent literary debates and trends like Dalit Literature and Stree-Vimarsh have underlined the importance of sociological categories for literature. Contemporary Hindi literature cannot be understood without reference to recent world phenomena like globalisation and its associated developments.

Marxism, Existentialism, Formalism and other schools of thought have been relevant in analysing literature and their study is expected to give researchers a perspective through which they can look at their research material. Even the devotional Bhakti literature has been analysed from this sociological angle.

The role of the reading public and its social behaviours has helped to understand the emergence of Hindi prose and its different genres. Accordinglythe history of different prose forms like fiction, criticism, and creative prose writings like satire can be studied in their particular sociological contexts. This course will thus help researchers to locate different literary trends and personalities in their respective time and locale. Representation and reflection of a particular social milieu and the changes going on therein have been recorded in a creative manner in Hindi literary works. The objective of this course is to make researchers understand societal dynamics through literature.

Course III

The purpose of this course is to familiarise students with the existing literature on the theme of his or her proposed research. She or he shall carry out this work independently with the guidance of the supervisor. Broad themes will be identified such as national movement, peasant protests, gender, caste, tribe etc. The list is not exhaustive and new themes shall be added every year. The student shall be required to critically review the existing secondary literature on the theme given to him by the RSC. The student shall be expected to find gaps in the existing literature so as to justify his/her proposed research on the theme.

Course IV:

This course intends to train students in the skill of conducting literary research. The students shall be taught how to identify, locate, examine, and interpret primary sources. The student will carry out his/her work of collecting primary sources independently. He or she shall visit archives, libraries, and similar sources to collect materials. This work shall be carried out with the guidance of the supervisor.

PhD in Hindi

PhD scholars may or may not be required to do course work. Those PhD scholars who do not have an MPhil may be asked to do course work prescribed for MPhil students. Even those PhD scholars who are already MPhil holders may be asked to do course work if the RSC thinks that their research topic requiresit. The nature of the course work to be carried out by such a scholar shall be determined by the RSC. Other requirements for PhD thesis work (relating to time frame, assessment, supervision, etc.) have been clearly stated in the Regulations Concerned MPhil and PhD issued by the Standing Committee (Research) of the Academic Council of the AUD and shall apply to all PhD research scholars. All the above-stated rules for MPhiland PhD programmes in Hindi shall be followed in conformity with the rules and regulations issued by the SCR of the Academic Council of the university. In case of any conflict in rules stated for this programme and the SRC regulations, the latter shall prevail.


Minimum eligibility for MPhil: A Masters degree in any field of the social sciences or humanities from a recognized institution, with ≥55% or equivalent CGA for applicants in the General category (≥50% for SC/ST/PD applicants).

Minimum eligibility for PhD: A Masters degree in any field of the social sciences and humanities from a recognized institution with 55% marks or equivalent CGA (50% for SC/ST applicants) and MPhil degree (with Course Work) in Hindi from any recognized Institution


Fee Structure

Tuition Fee (During course work): Rs 1450/- per credit.
Student Welfare fund :Rs 500/- per semester
Caution deposit - Rs 5000/- (to be paid one time at the time of admission)
Research/Dissertation Fee : Rs 5510/- ( to be paid every semester after the course work is over).

Admission Procedure

To be considered for admission it is essential for candidates to appear in written test (including the candidates who have qualified NET or JRF exams) as well as in interview and fulfill any other entrance requirement, such as a research proposal. All candidates are required to upload research proposal along with application. Research proposal will be checked for plagiarism. If found to be plagiarised, the application shall be summarily disqualified. The research proposal should be up to five double-spaced pages inclusive of a formal bibliography or list of sources (single spaced). The document should give a background of the proposed research, its questions/ objectives, a description of the chosen conceptual frameworks, and the Literary context of the research. Candidate’s proposed research should align with the specialization of the Hindi faculty at the SLS. All applications will be screened and a list of shortlisted candidates eligible to take written examination will be uploaded on AUD website. After the written test a list of candidates called for interview will be uploaded on the AUD website.

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